Hypogeum Malta

The Hypogeum is recognized as one of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites for its outstanding prehistoric importance. It is the only known subterranean structure of the Bronze Age with three levels underneath each other.

 

 

The Hypogeum of Ħal Saflieni is a Neolithic subterranean structure dating to the Saflieni phase (3300 – 4000 BC) in Maltese prehistory, located in Paola, Malta. It is often simply referred to as the Hypogeum (Maltese: Ipoġew), literally meaning “underground” in Greek.

The Hypogeum is thought to have been a sanctuary and necropolis, with the remains of more than 7,000 people documented by archaeologists, and is among the best-preserved examples of the Maltese temple building culture that also produced the Megalithic Temples and Xagħra Stone Circle.

The Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum is a complex made up of interconnecting rock-cut chambers set on three distinct levels. The complex was used over many centuries, with the earliest remains and the more recent remains found dating to the Early Bronze Age (ca 1500BC). 

 

Interesting facts about

The Hypogeum

*That’s older than the pyramids in Egypt and Stonehenge in England.

*For those who love history, Hypogeum is a must. So if you intend to travel to Malta you have to book much in advance.

*That’s older than the pyramids in Egypt and Stonehenge in England.

*For those who love history, Hypogeum is a must. So if you intend to travel to Malta you have to book much in advance.

*In 1908, the site opened to the public, and since then, it has been visited by thousands of people.

*It was used as a bomb shelter during the  World War II, and for a while, local kids even used it as a play area.

*In 1908, the site opened to the public, and since then, it has been visited by thousands of people.

*It was used as a bomb shelter during the  World War II, and for a while, local kids even used it as a play area.

 

The uppermost level consists of a large hollow with burial chambers on its sides. This area may have been originally exposed to the sky. Excavations in the early 1990s indicate that there probably was a monumental structure marking the entrance.

A doorway leads to the Middle Level, which contains some of the best-known features of the Hypogeum. These include intricate red ochre wall paintings and beautifully carved features that recall architectural elements common in contemporaneous megalithic temples.

The deepest of the three levels, known as the Lower Level, is accessed down seven steps from the chamber which is popularly known as the ‘Holy of Holies’. 

 

*It is an unusual location where thousands of people visit each year. With only a limit of 10 people per tour, (Maximum 8 tours per day) we highly recommend that you book months before due to high demand. The length of each tour is 50 minutes long.

*It is an unusual location where thousands of people visit each year. With only a limit of 10 people per tour, (Maximum 8 tours per day) we highly recommend that you book months before due to high demand. The length of each tour is 50 minutes long.

*So, in order to protect the site for future generations, a stricter protocol has been introduced, and now, visitor numbers are very restricted.

*So, in order to protect the site for future generations, a stricter protocol has been introduced, and now, visitor numbers are very restricted.

*The audiovisual show is shown before the tour and the small display area is wheelchair accessible. However, the actual archaeological site is not accessible for wheelchairs.

*The audiovisual show is shown before the tour and the small display area is wheelchair accessible. However, the actual archaeological site is not accessible for wheelchairs.

*The site is underground with low ceilings and small spaces, which might cause discomfort to people susceptible to claustrophobia.The steps are a little bit slippery, so wear shoes with some sort of grip.

*The site is underground with low ceilings and small spaces, which might cause discomfort to people susceptible to claustrophobia.The steps are a little bit slippery, so wear shoes with some sort of grip.

Less than 20 skulls out of a prospective 7,000 people survive till this day and the first-ever interdisciplinary analysis of the remains aims to sift science fact from fiction. 

 

 [kk-star-ratings]

*Elongated skulls discovered in 1926 by Temi Zammit at the Ħal Saflieni hypogeum have long been the source of multiple conspiracy theories.

*Described by Zammit as being “of the long variety (dolichocephalic)”, the more extremist of these conspiracies suggests the skulls belong to aliens.

*Elongated skulls discovered in 1926 by Temi Zammit at the Ħal Saflieni hypogeum have long been the source of multiple conspiracy theories.

*Described by Zammit as being “of the long variety (dolichocephalic)”, the more extremist of these conspiracies suggests the skulls belong to aliens.

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